Professor Emeritus of Economics at University of Iceland, has developed a deep understanding of and appreciation for the power of economic analysis early in his career. He used his broad interests to understand a wide range of policy issues and exhibited a strong proficiency in mathematical, theoretical, and statistical methods, applying those skills to highly sophisticated and rigorous economic modeling, from innovative micro models of behavior to dynamic models of optimal resource use. Although Dr. Arnason has published on a variety of issues, including discard behavior and efficient resource exploitation and management, he is most well-known for his knowledge about and advocacy for rights-based management systems. Ragnar himself played a prominent role in convincing Icelandic policy makers that a properly designed and implemented individual transferable quota system would promote efficiency, a goal of significant importance in an isolated island economy so dependent upon trade.
In addition to his impact in his native country of Iceland, Dr. Arnason has served on a wide variety of national and international committees and commissions discussing the potential for rights-based management systems and other alternatives in a number of countries, including Argentina, Bangladesh, Chile, the Falklands, Ghana, Greenland, Iran, Korea, The Maldives, Namibia, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Sierra Leone, and South Africa. His global outreach efforts have brought his knowledge of fisheries, governance, and property rights to a wide spectrum of institutions on the cusp of governance change. Dr. Arnason’s long career exhibits expansive interests and a desire to understand complex mechanisms that underpin relationships between business, governance, incentives, and human well-being in a society. As an academic, he has not only accumulated a broad and deep record of scholarship, but also taught and mentored students, served on important governance and administrative committees, and disseminated his knowledge directly into the policy process.
Gunnar Knapp is Professor Emeritus at the University of Alaska Anchorage Institute of Social and Economic Research (ISER). After receiving his Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University in 1981, Gunnar began a 35-year career as a research economist at ISER, serving as ISER’s Director from 2014 until his retirement in 2015. Gunnar has been studying fisheries management, fisheries markets, and the world seafood industry for more than thirty years. Focusing his research initially on Alaska salmon markets and the implications of salmon aquaculture for wild fisheries, he broadened his research over time to the study of global seafood markets and the global seafood industry. He has written numerous articles and reports on a wide range of seafood-related topics including salmon markets, trends in limited entry permit ownership, effects of halibut and crab IFQs, implications of climate change for fisheries, economic impacts of fisheries and aquaculture, and implications of fisheries management for fishing safety.
In 1989, Gunnar served on the National Academy of Science’s Committee on Fishing Vessel Safety, for which he analyzed national fishing safety data. During the 1990s he began the Salmon Market Information Service for the Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute, to provide current market information for Alaska salmon fishermen. With Jim Anderson and Cathy Roheim, he co-authored the major 1997 report The Great Salmon Run: Competition Between Wild and Farmed Salmon. He helped found the North American Association of Fisheries Economists (NAAFE) in 2001. He has visited and given presentations for seafood industry organizations across Alaska and in many seafood producing and consuming countries.
Rashid U. Sumaila
Rashid Sumaila is Professor and Canada Research Chair in Interdisciplinary Ocean and Fisheries Economics at the Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, and the School of Public Policy and Global Affairs, University of British Columbia. His research focuses on bioeconomics, marine ecosystem valuation and the analysis of global issues such as fisheries subsidies, marine protected areas, illegal fishing, climate change, marine plastic pollution, and oil spills. Sumaila has experience working in fisheries and natural resource projects in Norway, Canada and the North Atlantic region, Namibia and the Southern African region, Ghana and the West African region and Hong Kong and the South China Sea. Dr. Sumaila received his Ph.D. (Economics) from the University of Bergen and his B.Sc. (Quantity Surveying) from the Ahmadu Bello University. Sumaila is widely published and cited. He won the 2017 Volvo Environment Prize and was named a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 2019. His interest in the environment started early in life when his grandfather used to say people should “walk as if the ground feels pain” – this is sophisticated environmentalism! His specific interest in ocean and fisheries was picked in Norway. Sumaila enjoys exploring novel ideas and mentoring future thinkers. He loves waking up each day thinking of how best to contribute to ensuring that we bequeath a healthy ocean to our children and grandchildren so they too can have the option to do the same.
Sumaila’s research involve applying game theory to fisheries, to, for example, identify whether or not developing countries should give access to their fisheries resources to foreign fleets; rethinking the nature of the discount rates applied to natural resource projects, and formulating a highly original alternative (“intergeneration discount rates”); understanding the nature, amounts and effects of government subsidies on global fisheries; documenting the employment in fisheries and competing uses of living marine resources; and estimating the multiple benefits that would be obtained globally by rebuilding fish stocks and setting up marine reserves, including the concept of the ‘High Seas’ as a large marine reserve or a ‘fish bank’ for the world.
Professor Emeritus of Environmental and Natural Resource Economics at University of Rhode Island (URI). Jon’s long career is exemplified by excellence and innovation in research, outstanding mentoring of new generations of fisheries economists worldwide, and service to both policy makers and the discipline of fisheries economics. The strength of his research made him a natural leader within the profession, and he served as President of IIFET, President of the North American Association of Fisheries Economists (NAAFE), and as the founding editor of IIFET and NAAFE’s flagship journal, Marine Resource Economics. Dr. Sutinen’s own research focused primarily on the following themes: compliance and enforcement in fisheries, tradeable fishing allowances, recreational fisheries, and the political economics of fisheries governance. He belongs to the relatively small group of fisheries economists who have made contributions that have changed our thinking of how fisheries management works that have stood the test of time. Furthermore, he was a proponent of working with non-economists to develop effective fisheries management tools and policies, highlighting the value and importance of interdisciplinary work.
A persistent collaborator, Dr. Sutinen has extensive experience advising government agencies and stakeholder groups in the US and abroad in his areas of expertise. His work and advice on fisheries compliance and enforcement has shaped policies and practices worldwide and he has served as a consultant to several organizations and governments, including Australia, Denmark, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), European Union, New Zealand, South Africa, and the US. In addition to his service to IIFET, NAAFE, and MRE, Dr. Sutinen is the former chair of the National Research Council Committee on Defining Best Available Science, former co-chair of the Social Science Advisory Committee of the New England Fisheries Management Council, and a former member of the ICES Working Group on Fishery Systems and the Ocean Studies Board. Jon also received the IIFET Distinguished Service Award in 2008 for his substantial contributions to teaching and research in fisheries economics, the economics of enforcement and compliance, and their application in fisheries management policy internationally.
George M. Woodwell Distinguished Professor of Environmental Economics at Duke University and current IIFET President. Dr. Smith’s career is best described as meteoric, beginning with his IIFET Best Student Paper Award in 2000 and an award-winning PhD thesis that is arguably one of the best examples of bioeconomic modeling ever conducted. Since receiving his PhD at the University of California, Davis, in 2001, Marty has established an international reputation as a preeminent fisheries and natural resource economist. Marty’s research portfolio is remarkable in many respects: combining cutting-edge empirical skills in both reduced-form and structural econometrics (a rare combination) with a remarkably deep knowledge of both capture fisheries and aquaculture in both the United States and internationally, along with a keen sense of the systemic context facing resource-dependent communities in increasingly globalized seafood markets. While fisheries management and fisher behavior remain important themes in Dr. Smith’s research, his enquiry has broadened significantly in recent years, as he has increasingly worked outside of the traditional confines of fisheries economics and management to consider the entire systemic nature of seafood markets for the sustainability of both wild-capture and aquaculture resources. This has led to groundbreaking work in seafood markets and international trade, food security, supply chains, consumer behavior, ecolabeling, and aquaculture.
Dr. Smith has also spent significant time applying his knowledge in real-world fisheries management. He served on the Scientific and Statistical Committee of the Mid-Atlantic Fisheries Management Council (2008-2016) in the United States and served two terms (2013-2019) on the Ocean Studies Board for the National Academy of Sciences in a highly visible assignment involving formulating and conducting credible and objective scientific studies to inform U.S. marine policy analysis. Furthermore, Marty has lent his expertise and time to serve prominent editorial roles with Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, and Marine Resource Economics (IIFET’s flagship journal). Named Fellow IIFET 2022 in recognition of his outstanding contributions to the field of fisheries economics.
Juan Carlos Seijo
Dr. Juan Carlos Seijo, Professor and President of the Board of Governors at Marist University of Merida has obtained his Master’s and PhD from Michigan State University in Resource Economics and Systems Science, he returned to Merida, Mexico, where he took a position at the Center of Investigation and Advanced Studies (CINVESTAV), a government research and teaching organization. In 1996, he left after a successful 10-year stay to become the founding President of the Marist University of Merida, a position he held until 2004. During that time, he also helped develop a doctoral program in Fisheries Bioeconomics, which now operates collaboratively among institutions across Mexico. Through these accomplishments, Juan Carlos has helped build a permanent network of interaction among Mexican institutions. Juan Carlos has also dedicated his time to promoting professional organizations such as IIFET and the North American Association of Fisheries Economists (NAAFE). He served as a member of the NAAFE Board of Directors from 2005-2009 and elected again in 2009 to serve as President-Elect (2009-2011) and then President (2011-2013). He was also elected to serve on the IIFET Executive Committee from 2008-2012. As the first representative from Mexico, Dr. Seijo helped bring the field of Fisheries Economics in his country to global attention. After he opened the door, a series of Juan Carlos’s mentees and students have followed his example, providing leadership and Mexican and Latin American perspectives to these multinational bodies.
Juan Carlos has taught fisheries bioeconomics short courses in Chile, Argentina, Peru, Uruguay, Panama, Colombia, Cuba, Guatemala, Venezuela, and Taiwan, and has been a visiting professor at the University of Stirling, University of Delaware, and the National Oceanic University of Taiwan. Dr. Seijo continues to share his knowledge and expertise in fisheries bioeconomics to broad audiences through his consultation with a variety of international organization and institutions, including FAO, OECD, and IADB (Inter-American Development Bank). In addition to his numerous scientific publications and specialized books in the field of fisheries bioeconomics, Dr. Seijo serves as a mentor to current students and a colleague to former ones.
Winner of IIFET’s Distinguished Service Award (DSA).